The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here:

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Concentric Circle Discussion

Collaborative learning strategy aimed for review of larger portions of course content.


  • Ask each student to prepare an index card where she/he explains or reviews a key concept/topic in the course.
  • Students form two concentric circles faing each other.
  • Both students in the formed pairs explain the concept to each other using the index cards. Limit the time to 1-2 minutes per person. The partner are encouraged to ask questions to make sure they understand the information.
  • After completion the students exchange index cards. The students in the outside circle move one step clockwise formin new pairs. The students must know explain the information described on the new card for each other. The process is repeated and students again move to get a new partner.

References and Further Reading:

  • Kletzien, S & L. Baloche (1994). The shifting muffled sound of the pick: facilitating student-to-student discussions. Journal of Reading, 37: 540-545
  • Santa C.M., Havens, L.T. & Valdes B.J., (2004). Project Criss - Creating Independence through Student-owned Strategies. Helping teachers teach and learners learn. Third Edition. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company. Dubuque, Iowa