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In clusters, group participants are divided into smaller groups for discussion. They may also be allowed to self‐select the small group they want to be in. After discussing the assigned topic the cluster may report their findings to the large group.


  • If possible, see that each group is provided a space on the board to record important points of their discussion.
  • Allow time for each group to report back to the large group.
  • Remind students prior to the activity that you will assign someone (chosen randomly after completing the activity) from each group to report back.

Good topics of discussion require that groups make a choice, defend an idea, or propose a solution. This helps to focus the discussion and encourages students to use course concepts rather than just memorize them.