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Similar to divide and conquer, this is a method of making the group, as a whole, dependent on subgroups.


  • A large group is divided into 2 or more groups (3-4/group) and each group is assigned a topic/task/step in problem etc. becoming an “expert”.
  • Students then move from their expert group to a new jigsaw group in which each student acts as the only expert in their specific topic and teaches the material to the rest of the group. 
  • Each new jigsaw group consists of 3-4 students prepared to teach the subject to their peers.


  • EF Barkley, KP Cross, CH Major (2014). Collaborative learning techniques: A handbook for college faculty, John Wiley & Sons